AZ-305 Microsoft Azure Architect Design Prerequisites Microsoft Quiz Answers

Get AZ-305 Microsoft Azure Architect Design Prerequisites Microsoft Quiz Answers

Learn the basic Azure concepts you’ll need to know as an Azure infrastructure architect. This path gives you the knowledge to be successful as you begin studying for AZ-305: Designing Microsoft Azure Infrastructure Solutions.

This learning path helps prepare you for Exam AZ-305: Designing Microsoft Azure Infrastructure Solutions.

Prerequisites:

You should be familiar with basic computing concepts and terminology. Experience designing architecture solutions is desired, but not required.

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Module 1: Describe core Azure architectural components

About Module:

In this module, you’ll examine the various concepts, resources, and terminology that are necessary to work with Azure architecture. For example, you’ll learn about Azure subscriptions and management groups, resource groups and Azure Resource Manager, as well as Azure regions and availability zones.

Learning objectives:

After completing this module, you’ll be able to describe the benefits and usage of:

  • Azure subscriptions and management groups.
  • Azure resources, resource groups, and Azure Resource Manager.
  • Azure regions, region pairs, and availability zones.

Prerequisites:

  • You should be familiar with basic computing concepts and terminology.
  • An understanding of cloud computing is helpful, but isn’t necessary.

Quiz 1: Knowledge check

Q1. Which of the following can be used to manage governance across multiple Azure subscriptions?

  • Azure initiatives
  • Management groups
  • Resource groups

Q2. Which of the following is a logical unit of Azure services that links to an Azure account?

  • Azure subscription
  • Management group
  • Resource group
  • Public cloud

Q3. Which of the following features does not apply to resource groups?

  • Resources can be in only one resource group.
  • Role-based access control can be applied to the resource group.
  • Resource groups can be nested.

Q4. Which of the following statements is a valid statement about an Azure subscription?

  • Using Azure doesn’t require a subscription.
  • An Azure subscription is a logical unit of Azure services.

Module 2: Build a cloud governance strategy on Azure

About Module:

Learn how access policies, resource locks, and tags, as well as Azure services such as Azure Policy and Azure Blueprints, can help you build a comprehensive cloud governance strategy.

Learning objectives:

After completing this module, you’ll be able to:

  • Make organizational decisions about your cloud environment by using the Cloud Adoption Framework for Azure.
  • Define who can access cloud resources by using Azure role-based access control.
  • Apply a resource lock to prevent accidental deletion of your Azure resources.
  • Apply tags to your Azure resources to help describe their purpose.
  • Control and audit how your resources are created by using Azure Policy.
  • Enable governance at scale across multiple Azure subscriptions by using Azure Blueprints.

Prerequisites:

  • You should be familiar with basic computing concepts and terminology.
  • An understanding of cloud computing is helpful, but isn’t necessary.

Quiz 1: Knowledge check

Q1. How can Tailwind Traders allow some users to control the virtual machines in each environment but prevent them from modifying networking and other resources in the same resource group or Azure subscription?

  • Create a role assignment through Azure role-based access control (Azure RBAC).
  • Create a policy in Azure Policy that audits resource usage.
  • Split the environment into separate resource groups.

Q2. Which is the best way for Tailwind Traders to ensure that the team deploys only cost-effective virtual machine SKU sizes?

  • Create a policy in Azure Policy that specifies the allowed SKU sizes.
  • Periodically inspect the deployment manually to see which SKU sizes are used.
  • Create an Azure RBAC role that defines the allowed virtual machine SKU sizes.

Q3. Which is likely the best way for Tailwind Traders to identify which billing department each Azure resource belongs to?

  • Track resource usage in a spreadsheet.
  • Split the deployment into separate Azure subscriptions, where each subscription belongs to its own billing department.
  • Apply a tag to each resource that includes the associated billing department.

Module 3: Microsoft Cloud Adoption Framework for Azure

About Module:

This module covers the basics of how to use the Cloud Adoption Framework—a set of documentation, implementation guidance, best practices, and tools that aid in aligning the strategy for business, people, and technology.

Learning objectives:

In this module, you will:

  • Learn how to leverage the Cloud Adoption Framework to identify where your organization is in the digital transformation journey.
  • Identify triggers and opportunities for cloud adoption.
  • Recognize the components needed to develop a digital transformation strategy around your business, people, and technology.

Prerequisites:

  • None

Quiz 1: Knowledge check

Q1. The Cloud Adoption Framework for Azure helps customers make their journey to the cloud. What are the three main stages of the framework?

  • Plan, Business Justification, and Implementation.
  • Migrate, Test, and Optimize.
  • Plan, Ready, and Adopt.

Q2. Motivations for cloud adoption include migration and innovation triggers. Migration triggers include such things as cost saving and operations optimization. Which of the following is an example of an innovation trigger which drives cloud adoption?

  • Reduction in IT staff for on-premises hardware.
  • Transform products or services.
  • Increase business agility.

Q3. What are the five disciplines of cloud governance?

  • Business risk, process, policy and compliance, resource consistency, and deployment acceleration.
  • Business risk, policy and compliance, security baseline, process, and operations.
  • Cost management, security baseline, resource consistency, identity baseline, and deployment acceleration.

Q4. The common value drivers that business decision makers can use to justify moving their business to the cloud are Cost, Scale, Productivity, and Reliability. What is the specific value of scale in cloud computing?

  • Scale is the ability to deliver the right amount of IT resources.
  • Scale eliminates capital expense.
  • Scale eases the burden of data backup, disaster recovery, and business continuity.

Q5. Financial planning for cloud adoption requires organizations to decide whether to expand on-premises capabilities or move certain workloads and functions off-premises to cloud-delivered services. Microsoft has tools that can help. What Microsoft tool is available for a CFO who’s trying to estimate the expected monthly bill and track actual account usage?

  • The Azure Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) Calculator.
  • The Azure Pricing Calculator.
  • Microsoft Cost Management.

Module 4: Introduction to the Microsoft Azure Well-Architected Framework

About Module:

You want to build great things on Azure, but you’re not sure exactly what that means. Using key principles throughout your architecture, regardless of technology choice, can help you design, build, and continuously improve your architecture.

Learning objectives:

By the end of this module, you’ll be able to:

  • Describe the pillars of the Azure Well-Architected Framework
  • Identify key principles for creating a solid architectural foundation

Prerequisites:

  • Experience building or operating solutions by using core infrastructure technology such as data storage, compute, and networking
  • Experience building or operating technology systems to solve business problems

Quiz 1: Cost optimization

Q1. Which of the following is an example of waste, resulting in an increased resource cost?

  • Archiving infrequently accessed data to an archive storage tier.
  • Using a service that automatically adjusts resources that are provisioned to match user load.
  • Pooling databases to share provisioned capacity.
  • Running a development environment overnight that is used only during business hours.

Q2. Which of the following is a good practice to reduce costs?

  • Conducting regular reviews of cloud bills to identify abnormal increases in spend.
  • Letting all IT teams have access to provision virtual machines of any size.
  • Provisioning the same capacity in development environments as for production, even though resource requirements are substantially lower in development environments.
  • Provisioning virtual machines that include licensing costs rather than using a bring-your-own-license image.

Q3. Suppose you have recently moved your application to the cloud and your monthly bill seems higher than expected. The utilization level of your VM is high enough that you’re hesitant to downsize. What might be a reasonable next step you can take to help you find inefficiencies?

  • Wait a month and recheck your bill.
  • Increase the amount of application testing you do before each release.
  • Add monitoring and instrumentation to your application.

Quiz 2: Operational excellence

Q1. Which of the following is a good example of using testing in your environment?

  • Waiting for users to reach out to you with reports of errors in your application.
  • Performing functionality tests in the development environment that are different from functionality tests in the production environment.
  • Omitting infrastructure deployment from test plans.
  • Performing regular security tests of your application code in development and production environments.

Q2. Which of the following is a good example of using automation to improve operational excellence?

  • Manually provisioning development environments every day for your development teams.
  • Logging on Linux VMs after deployment and installing the software packages that are required for the application.
  • Using a configuration template to deploy infrastructure in each environment.
  • Manually copying application binaries from your build system to your deployment infrastructure.

Quiz 3: Performance efficiency

Q1. Which of the following is an example of scaling up (vertical scaling)?

  • Updating your application to use a queuing service
  • Adding more web servers into a web farm
  • Adding another virtual machine into a database cluster
  • Updating a virtual machine to a larger size

Q2. Which of the following is an example of scaling out (horizontal scaling)?

  • Updating a virtual machine to a larger size
  • Adding more storage to a virtual machine
  • Adding more web servers into a web farm
  • Replicating backups to another region

Quiz 4: Reliability

Q1. Suppose you want to increase the availability of your system to provide a better service-level agreement (SLA) to your customers. Which of the following is a guiding principle you can use?

  • Reduce your target for maximum duration of acceptable data loss
  • Encrypt all data at rest
  • Eliminate single point of failure

Q2. Which of the following would be affected by your defined recovery point objective (RPO)?

  • The frequency of database backups
  • The number of regions that data is replicated to
  • The number of instances in a database cluster
  • The type of load-balancing technology used in your application

Quiz 5: Security

Q1. Which of the following types of data might need to have security protections?

  • Customer data that contains personal information
  • Financial data that supports business operations
  • Intellectual property
  • All of the above might need security protections

Q2. Which of the following is an example of an attack you might see at the policies and access layer?

  • Exposed credentials posted online
  • A SYN flood attack
  • Following an employee into a datacenter without presenting credentials
  • Ransomware that encrypts the disks of a virtual machine

Module 5: Secure access to your applications by using Azure identity services

About Module:

Learn how Azure Active Directory helps you manage and secure identities. Also see how single sign-on, multifactor authentication, and Conditional Access enable your users to securely access resources and applications from your intranet and from public networks.

Learning objectives:

After completing this module, you’ll be able to:

  • Explain the difference between authentication and authorization.
  • Describe how Azure Active Directory provides identity and access management.
  • Explain the role single sign-on (SSO), multifactor authentication, and Conditional Access play in managing user identity.

Prerequisites:

  • You should be familiar with basic computing concepts and terminology.
  • An understanding of cloud computing is helpful, but isn’t necessary.

Quiz 1: Knowledge check

Q1. How can the IT department ensure that employees at the company’s retail stores can access company applications only from approved tablet devices?

  • SSO
  • Conditional Access
  • Multifactor authentication

Q2. How can the IT department use biometric properties, such as facial recognition, to enable delivery drivers to prove their identities?

  • SSO
  • Conditional Access
  • Multifactor authentication

Q3. How can the IT department reduce the number of times users must authenticate to access multiple applications?

  • SSO
  • Conditional Access
  • Multifactor authentication

Module 6: Explore Azure compute services

About Module:

In this module, you’ll learn how to take advantage of several virtualization services in Azure compute, which can help your applications scale out quickly and efficiently to meet increasing demands.

Learning objectives:

After completing this module, you’ll be able to describe the benefits and usage of:

  • Azure Virtual Machines
  • Azure App Service
  • Azure Container Instances
  • Azure Kubernetes Service
  • Azure Functions
  • Azure Virtual Desktop

Prerequisites:

  • You should be familiar with basic computing concepts and terminology.
  • An understanding of cloud computing is helpful, but isn’t necessary.

Quiz 1: Knowledge check

Q1. Which Azure compute resource can be deployed to manage a set of identical virtual machines?

  • Virtual machine scale sets
  • Virtual machine availability sets
  • Virtual machine availability zones

Q2. Which of the following services should be used when the primary concern is to perform work in response to an event (often via a REST command) that needs a response in a few seconds?

  • Azure Functions
  • Azure App Service
  • Azure Container Instances

Q3. Your company has a team of remote workers that need to use Windows-based software to develop your company’s applications, but your team members are using various operating systems like macOS, Linux, and Windows. Which Azure compute service would help resolve this scenario?

  • Azure App Service
  • Azure Virtual Desktop
  • Azure Container Instances

Module 8: Explore Azure networking services

About Module:

In this module, you’ll take a look at several of the core networking resources that are available in Azure. You’ll learn about Azure Virtual Network, which you can configure into a customized network environment that meets your company’s needs. You’ll also learn how you can use Azure VPN Gateway and Azure ExpressRoute to create secure communication tunnels between your company’s different locations.

Learning objectives:

After completing this module, you’ll be able to:

  • Describe the core networking resources that are available in Azure.
  • Describe the benefits and usage of Virtual Network, VPN Gateway, and ExpressRoute.

Prerequisites:

  • You should be familiar with basic computing concepts and terminology.
  • An understanding of cloud computing is helpful, but isn’t necessary.

Quiz 1: Knowledge check

Q1. Tailwind Traders wants to create a secure communication tunnel between its branch offices. Which of the following technologies can’t be used?

  • Point-to-site virtual private network
  • Implicit FTP over SSL
  • Azure ExpressRoute
  • Site-to-site virtual private network

Q2. Tailwind Traders wants to use Azure ExpressRoute to connect its on-premises network to the Microsoft cloud. Which of the following choices isn’t an ExpressRoute model that Tailwind Traders can use?

  • Any-to-any connection
  • Site-to-site virtual private network
  • Point-to-point Ethernet connection
  • CloudExchange colocation

Q3. Which of the following options can you use to link virtual networks?

  • Network address translation
  • Multi-chassis link aggregation
  • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
  • Virtual network peering

Q4. Which of the following options isn’t a benefit of ExpressRoute?

  • Redundant connectivity
  • Consistent network throughput
  • Encrypted network communication
  • Access to Microsoft cloud services

Module 9: Explore Azure Storage services

About Module:

In this module, you’ll learn about some of the different storage options that are available in Azure Storage services, and the scenarios in which each storage option is appropriate. As you complete the individual units in this module, you’ll learn about Azure Blob Storage, Azure Disk Storage, Azure Files, and Blob access tiers.

Learning objectives:

After completing this module, you’ll be able to describe the benefits and usage of:

  • Azure Blob Storage
  • Azure Disk Storage
  • Azure Files
  • Azure Blob access tiers

Prerequisites:

  • You should be familiar with basic computing concepts and terminology.
  • An understanding of cloud computing is helpful, but isn’t necessary.

Quiz 1: Knowledge check

Q1. What is the first step that you would take in order to share an image file as a blob in Azure Storage?

  • Create an Azure Storage container to store the image.
  • Create an Azure Storage account.
  • Upload the image file and create a container.
  • Use a Shared Access Signature (SAS) token to restrict access to the image.

Q2. Which Azure Storage option is better for storing data for backup and restore, disaster recovery, and archiving?

  • Azure Files Storage
  • Azure Disk Storage
  • Azure Blob Storage

Module 10: Explore Azure database and analytics services

About Module:

In this module, you’ll learn about several of the database services that are available on Microsoft Azure, such as Azure Cosmos DB, Azure SQL Database, Azure SQL Managed Instance, Azure Database for MySQL, and Azure Database for PostgreSQL. In addition, you’ll learn about several of the big data and analysis services in Azure.

Learning objectives:

After completing this module, you’ll be able to describe the benefits and usage of:

  • Azure Cosmos DB
  • Azure SQL Database
  • Azure SQL Managed Instance
  • Azure Database for MySQL
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL
  • Azure Synapse Analytics
  • Azure HDInsight
  • Azure Databricks
  • Azure Data Lake Analytics

Prerequisites:

  • You should be familiar with basic computing concepts and terminology.
  • An understanding of cloud computing is helpful, but isn’t necessary.

Quiz 1: Knowledge check

Q1. Your development team is interested in writing Graph-based applications that take advantage of the Gremlin API. Which option would be ideal for that scenario?

  • Azure Cosmos DB
  • Azure SQL Database
  • Azure Databricks
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL

Q2. Tailwind Traders uses the LAMP stack for several of its websites. Which option would be ideal for migration?

  • Azure Cosmos DB
  • Azure Database for MySQL
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL

Q3. Tailwind Traders has millions of log entries that it wants to analyze. Which option would be ideal for analysis?

  • Azure Cosmos DB
  • Azure SQL Database
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL
  • Azure Synapse Analytics
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