Chegg – Research Methods & Design in Psychology Practice Exam Answers

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Q1. Researchers rely on the scientist’s honesty when doing new research. So, which of the following determinant makes the researchers avoid indulging in fraud the most?

  • The role of scientists in our society
  • The research follows the APA ethics code
  • An important aspect appears to be knowledge
  • Researchers are dependent on the honesty of scientists

Q2. A social psychologist attempts to understand the effect of two different teaching methods on a group of students to facilitate better results in examinations. A single class of students is taught by Teacher A in a fast-paced manner, only to be followed by slow-paced teaching by Teacher B after a few days. This procedure of single-subject experimentation signifies that:

  • This type of experimentation gives control over variability in the sample.
  • Inferential statistics can be easily employed in such studies.
  • The findings originating here are generalizable to other students as well.
  • It is impossible in situations like these to understand the effect to different variables.

Q3. What is termed as a technique of systematically assembling data to perform statistics for deriving solutions to a research problem?

  • Coding guide
  • Spreadsheet
  • Naming
  • Data reduction

Q4. A shift from the experimental method to the quasi-experimental method majorly threatens which aspect of the research conducted by a social scientist?

  • Reliability
  • Internal Validity
  • Replication
  • Correlation

Q5. An organization was willing to understand the effect of modification in the work schedule in a group of factory workers. A second factory was taken as the control group for comparison. The experiment was of a nonequivalent-control-group design because the workers were not randomly allocated to the two groups. Through the pretest-posttest method, it was seen that the performance of the control group was superior in the beginning itself (pretest). However, the experimental factory group showed a significant increase in performance and the control group lacked such improvement in output. These patterns signify that:

  • The control group and experimental groups were incomparable to begin with
  • The improvement was influenced by a third variable
  • The results of the study are difficult to interpret due to the ceiling effect
  • The results depict an impact of work schedule changes on the experimental group

Q6. What is the most utilized source for the review of literature for psychological research in modern times?

  • Natural observation
  • Websites
  • e-Journals
  • Library

Q7. What component from the following list is not considered to be a threat to the reliability of a questionnaire?

  • Biasness
  • Social-desirability profiling
  • Acquiescence
  • Unambiguous questioning

Q8. According to various researches published in the past few months, it showed an increasing trend of depression among the youth. A researcher observed this trend and was curious as to why a sudden surge in the depression rate throughout the population was seen. So, he decided to comprehend the influence of emotional regulation and family support on depression. The factor of emotional regulation has two levels, that is, suppression and expression. The factor family support has 3 levels, high, medium, and low. In the above case, how many main effects are possible?

  • 3
  • 4
  • 2
  • 5

Q9. A researcher wanted to study the emotional development of an individual. He selected a subject and assessed his emotional development over time, starting from when he was 1 year old till he reached the age of 18. The subjects’ parents were busy with their work and could not give much time to the child. As a result they send him to a boarding school where he would receive a good education. Till class 5th, the child lived in a boarding school and completed his studies. After class 5th, the child’s parents brought him back home and he completed his education living with his parents. During this time his parents were able to give him the required and took care of his needs. The researcher wanted to study whether living away from home and staying at home with the family will have any significant impact on the emotional development of the child. Which form of the control strategy is best for the research?

  • Between subject control
  • Instrumentation
  • Within-subject control
  • Research setting as preparation

Q10. After the completion of the experiment, the participant should be informed regarding the objective and purpose of the research. Also, participant’s doubts and questions should be cleared. This process is known as:

  • Debriefing
  • Coercion
  • Informed consent
  • Deception

Q11. Out of the given options, which method is not used to select a research problem?

  • Choice of interest
  • Discussion with Mentor or teacher
  • Choice of a friend
  • Lecture method

Q12. A researcher was conducting a 6-month long experiment on anxiety, where he developed an intervention plan for the participants. He planned to administer a pre and post-test to study any changes. He then randomly selected 100 participants and divided them into two equivalent groups, where one received an intervention (Group 1) and the other did not (Group 2). Throughout these 6 months, he conducted various activities with group 1. Whereas Group 2 is not given any intervention. But many people by the end of the study started exiting from group 1, resulting in an unequal division of groups.

What form of validity threat will occur in this situation?

  • Maturation
  • History
  • Mortality
  • Selection

Q13. While writing a scientific paper, which of the following element helps in writing the content exact and direct?

  • Brevity
  • Clarity
  • General
  • Felicity

Q14. A researcher attempts to analyze the library visits of a group of school and college students. He mainly wanted to understand how the age difference and types of books read correlated with each other. Here, investigating smudges on the pages of library books to identify the most read pages would characterize an example of:

  • Physical trace measure
  • Laboratory observation
  • Participant observation
  • Archival research

Q15. Posters are a popular way of representing the research paper during a meeting. What is the major advantage of making posters using PowerPoint in scientific research?

  • The entire poster is displayed on a single sheet
  • It helps in class projects
  • It provides a visual display
  • Can discuss the material in a broad context

Q16. An experiment was conducted to examine the impact of caffeine consumption on the performance of employees. In week 1, the researcher did not give any form of caffeine to the randomly selected group of subjects and observed their performance. In week 2, the researcher started giving the participants 5 mg of caffeine and observed their performance. Which form of the condition is used by the experimenter to control the extraneous variables in the study?

  • Experimental Research Condition
  • Between Subject Experiment
  • Control Condition
  • Within Subject Experiment

Q17. A researcher is attempting to study basal ganglia cells from a certain rhesus monkey while administering the study. Which statistician term would be employed to depict this phenomenon?

  • Statistic
  • Population
  • Sample
  • Parameter

Q18. Identify the independent variable in the below topic of research conducted by a psychologist: “Effect of psychological well-being on job satisfaction and occupational stress of employees”

  • Job Satisfaction
  • Psychological well-being
  • Occupational stress
  • Employees

Q19. Although people think that it is unnecessary or presumptuous to define science, what is the reason that makes it essential to define science?

  • To understand the types of empirical methods.
  • To understand the types of non-empirical methods.
  • To know the difference between empirical and non-empirical methods.
  • To know how to go about the science of psychology.

Q20. A social scientist is attempting to understand a certain cultural aspect through a hermeneutical approach. The focus of his observation would correspond to which of the following concept?

  • Causation
  • Correlation
  • Interpretation
  • Observation

Q21. In an experiment, Mr. Y formed a hypothesis that destroying the hypothalamus of the rat’s brain will cause an increased appetite. Mr. Y then destroyed the hypothalamus to check his hypothesis. But the results showed that destroying the rat’s hypothalamus was actually decreasing satiety rather than increasing hunger.

Which form of validity is lacking in this psychobiological experiment?

  • External Validity
  • Construct Validity
  • Internal Validity
  • Statistical Conclusion Validity

Q22. Mr. M is a counselor in a school and wants to study the factors that are responsible for the low scores of students in an exam. He hypothesized that there will be a significant impact of learning styles, and quality of homework on the end-term exam scores. Mr. M used three forms of learning styles in his experiment, that are, reading and writing method, the auditory method, and the visual method. Also, Mr. M suggested that the homework should be more application-based rather than being just subjective. He then prepared another homework manual, which consisted of more application-based questions and used it in his experiment along with the old subjective homework manual.

What is the factorial design used by Mr. M in his study?

  • 3×2×2
  • 2×2×2
  • 2×2
  • 3×2

Q23. Mrs. X is a renowned researcher on adolescent mental health and working on children and adolescents who are prone to non-suicidal self-harming behavior. She developed an intervention plan based on the information collected from her clients and administered it to 5 of her clients to measure if there is any behavior modification. Which among the following is not an advantage of a single-subject experiment?

  • No flexibility in design
  • Effect of given variable increases.
  • Efficacy of clinical intervention can be analyzed.
  • Focus on individual performance.

Q24. After the summarization of the data, inference from the results is drawn through which statistical technique?

  • Descriptive statistics
  • Measures of variability
  • Inferential Statistics
  • Measure of central tendency

Q25. If a test of verbal aptitude does not contain enough items to test the verbal competency but contains questions of general knowledge, which of the following forms of validity is hampered?

  • Face Validity
  • Predictive Validity
  • Construct Validity
  • Concurrent validity

Q26. Which of the following method creates a spontaneous judgment and depends upon informal methods?

  • Authority
  • Rationality
  • Realism
  • Intuition

Q27. In which method, participants of the research study would generally respond more to the distributed questionnaire?

  • Telephonic survey
  • Newspaper
  • Emails survey
  • Face to face survey

Q28. Mr. L wanted to conduct an experiment on how yoga can help with the level of anxiety in college students. He formed two groups, Group 1 and Group 2. The experimenter selected a whole class of sociology students as Group 1 and a whole class of statistics students as Group 2. Group 1 was given yoga sessions after their classes, whereas Group 2 did not receive the sessions. In the above situation, which characteristic of a true experiment is not used by Mr. L?

  • Experimental group
  • Control group
  • Manipulation
  • Random assignment of participants.

Q29. Mr. L has conducted a study on the increasing rate of suicide among teenagers in a particular area. Mr. L collects data from adolescents of area X to assess whether they are prone to suicidal ideation and the action of suicide. He then used the results obtained from the study, to generalize in the population from which the sample was drawn. Which form of statistical analysis help in sample collection and proper distribution of sample?

  • Predictive
  • Exploratory
  • Descriptive
  • Inferential

Q30. Ms. S often observed people stating that while listening to music they are more productive in their work as it gives them a push. Ms. S wanted to test this theory among the college student population. She designed an experiment to measure the effect of classical music, pop music, and no music on a mathematical solving task among college students. She hypothesized that people who are listening to calm music, that is classical music, will be able to do better in mathematical tasks compared to the other groups. How many levels of independent variables were used by Ms. S in the study?

  • 4
  • 3
  • 1
  • 2
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