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# Data Science 101 Quiz Answers – Cognitive Class

## Get Data Science 101 Quiz Answers

The art of uncovering the insights and trends in data has been around since ancient times. The ancient Egyptians used census data to increase efficiency in tax collection and they accurately predicted the flooding of the Nile river every year. Since then, people working in data science have carved out a unique and distinct field for the work they do, this field is data science. In this course, we will meet some data science practitioners and we will get an overview of what data science is today.

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Module 1 – Defining Data Science

Question: From the reading In the report by the McKinsey Global Institute, by 2018, it is projected that there will be a shortage of people with deep analytical skills in the United States. What is the size of this shortage?

• 140 000 – 190 000 people
• 120 000
• 20 000 – 50 000 people
• 800 000 – 900 000 people
• 3 – 6 million people

Question: What has changed from the past to make Data science an in-demand occupation?

• There is now a lack of data
• Laws have changed
• Vast amount of data date being created
• The advent of the free market

Question: What is the minimum education requirement to become a data scientist?

• You must have a Degree in Computer Science
• You must have a masters degree in Statistics
• You must have a Ph.D. in Machine learning
• The above are all helpful, but they are not necessary to become a data scientist, education backgrounds of data scientists vary

In Module 2, prepare to dive into the daily life and tasks of data science professionals. Let's get stuck in, shall we?

Question: What is structured data??

• Data that can be stored in a database or some tabular form
• Images and video
• Segments of text
• Audio data

Question: What does the following formula represent: Base fair + Time x (Time in cab)

• The possible formula used in regression analysis to determine the cost of a cab ride
• The formula used to build a recommender system for rating a cab service
• A possible formula used in regression analysis used to determine the price of a house
• What is the impact of lot size on housing price?

Question: In the reading , what is an example of a question that can be put to a regression analysis?

• Do homes with brick exterior sell in rural areas?
• What is the impact of lot size on housing price?
• What are typical land taxes in a house sale?
• How much does a finished basement cost?
• How much should a house near a park cost?

Ahead, in Module 3, we will explore the crossroads of Data Science and Business, delving into how the former is transforming the latter. Can't wait? Neihter can we.

Question: Complete the following sentence that best explains why business needs to capture data: At the end of the day, for businesses, they know one thing, that if they are unable to measure something :

• they are unable to graph it
• they are unable to improve it
• they are unable to show compliance with tax laws
• they are unable to facilitate meetings between sales and marketing

To frame things into perspective, let's ponder over this question: In what scenario should a business never...?

• delete data
• use Machine learning
• well document data
• use PowerPoint to deliver a message

Question: In this reading, what is the role of the data scientist?

• Email the stakeholders about the analysis
• Manage a team of analysts to create a model
• Develop the strategy to fix the problems in the findings
• Use the insights to build the narrative to communicate the findings
• Use the data to tell the story the CEO wants to tell

Module 4 – Use Cases for Data Science

Question: What popular product is primarily based on data science:

• smartphone
• Space X’s rockets
• Tesla’s Electric Cars

Question: From the readings The results section is where you present:

• The empirical findings
• R Squared
• The conclusion
• The contributors
• The methods used

Question: Complete the sentence: Predictions are useful 😕

• they are always correct
• but you need lots of data
• but they must come from a complicated model
• they are always wrong

In Module 5, we will take a leap into the real world, learning directly from seasoned data scientists who've been in the field. Are you ready for the practical insights?

Question: In the reading, how does the author define ‘data science’?

• Data science is way of understanding things, of understanding the world
• Data science is a physical science like physics or chemistry
• Data science is some data and more science
• Data science is what data scientists do
• Data science is the art of uncovering the hidden secrets in data

Question: In the reading , what is admirable about Dr. Patil’s definition of a ‘data scientist’?

• His definition limits data science to activities involving machine learning
• His definition is only for people who program in Python
• His definition excludes statistics
• His definition is about weaving strong narratives into analytics
• His definition is inclusive of individuals from various academic backgrounds and training

Question: A good data scientist should ?

• calculate confidence intervals
• be sceptical
• use complicated models
• only use big data

You've made it to the final exam! Best of luck and remember, trust in the knowledge and skills you've developed throughout the course.

Question: In the reading, the output of a data mining exercise largely depends on:

• The engineer
• The programming language used
• The quality of the data
• The scope of the project
• The data scientist

Question: What has changed from the past to make Data science an in-demand occupation?

• There is now a lack of data
• Laws have changed
• Vast amount of data date being created
• The advent of the free market

Question: You develop an algorithm to predict rainy days, your algorithm predicts a rainy day, but the prediction is false. What is the following an example of ?

• the r squared
• ture negatives
• false positive
• generated values

Question: What is an example of regression problem

• Finding an object in an image
• Reducing the size of a dataset
• Predicting the price of a house using the square footage
• Finding clusters in the data

Question: What should be a prime concern for storing data?

• Data safety and privacy
• Hiring the right database manager
• The size of the files
• The physical location of the servers

Question: What is a good starting point for data mining?

• Data Visualization
• Writing a data dictionary
• Non-parametric methods
• Creating a relational database
• Machine learning

Question: Complete the following sentence that best explains why business needs to capture data: At the end of the day, for businesses, they know one thing, that if they are unable to measure something :

• they are unable to graph it
• they are unable to improve it
• they are unable to show compliance with tax laws
• they are unable to facilitate meetings between sales and marketing

Question: When establishing data mining goals, the accuracy expected from the results also influences the:

• The timelines for the project
• The scope of the project
• The costs
• The presentation
• Data scientist

Question: When processing data, what factor can lead to errors in data?

• Synchronizing the database
• Changing services providers
• Renaming variables
• Human error
• Overfitting

Question: A good data scientist should ?

• calculate confidence intervals
• be sceptical
• use complicated models
• only use big data
##### And we've reached the end! We hope you've enjoyed the journey as much as we've loved guiding you through it.

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