Data Science with Open Data Quiz Answers – Cognitive Class

Get Data Science with Open Data Quiz Answers

The National Energy Board of Canada🇨🇦 has established Data and Information Management as a focus area for the future. The objectives are to increase capacity in data analytics, experimentation culture and evidence-based decision making withing their organization but more broadly in the communities they serve.

One pillar of this strategy is to develop open data science training content, developed using open data. Success is predicated on all of us having a common understanding of data terminology, tools and techniques, so nothing is “lost in translation.” This course is open to public servants in Canada and to the general public.

Data experts are encouraged to participate, no programming or IT experience are required and, participants from non-technical backgrounds are encouraged to take this short course. Happy learning!

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Module 1 – What is Data Science?

Question: What is Data Science?

  • It uses less complex statistics and generally tries to identify patterns that can improve an organization.
  • It is a set of instructions we give a computer so it can take values and manipulate them into a usable form.
  • Data science is focused on creating understanding among messy and disparate data.
  • Mathematically, it is the average difference between individual values and the mean for the set of values.
  • This machine learning method uses a line of branching questions or observations about a given data set to predict a target value.

Question: The Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) allows for storage, retrieval, and analysis of very large data sets using distributed hardware.: True or False.

  • False
  • True

Question: Which definition(s) of Open Data are true? Select all that apply.

  • Open Data is defined as structured data that is machine-readable, freely shared, used and built on without restrictions
  • Open Data must be available as a whole and at no more than a reasonable reproduction cost, preferably by downloading over the internet.
  • When using Open Data, there should be no discrimination against fields of endeavor or against persons or groups.
  • Open data must be provided under terms that permit re-use and redistribution including the intermixing with other datasets.
  • Open Data is free for academics only

Module 2 – Up and Running With R

Question: RStudio is an IDE for R. What is an IDE?

  • integrated development enterprise
  • integrated docker environment
  • integrated development environment
  • initiated development environment
  • none of the above

Question: In R, the # symbol precedes a comment. True/False

  • False
  • True

Question: R is case-sensitive. True/False

  • False
  • True

Module 3 – The National Energy Board Of Canada (NEB)

Question: The Open Data sets used in the labs is from the NEB. What is the NEB?

  • National Electronic Body of Canada
  • National Electronic Bureau of Canada
  • National Energy Board of Canada
  • National Energy Bureau of Canada
  • None of the above

Question: ‘Exploring Canada’s Energy Future’ is an interactive tool that allows users to visualize, download, and share the data behind the National Energy Board’s (NEB) series of long-term energy outlooks, Energy Futures.

  • False
  • True

Question: The total energy used in the four sectors of Canada’s economy: residential, commercial,

industrial and transportation is described in the NEB Open Data set as ________________?

  • Oil Production:
  • Electricity Generation
  • Natural Gas Production
  • Total Demand
  • None of the above

Module 4 – Intro To Data Analysis

Question: Analyze the Energy Futures Data Visualizations and derive insights from the data e.g., which of the following statements is true? (View by Region, GW.h, 2018, Scenario – Reference)

  • By 2040, Coal Energy wil be replaced by Hydro and Natural Gas in British Columbia
  • By 2040, Coal Energy will be the second biggest source of Electricity in Ontario
  • By 2040, Coal Energy will be the second biggest source of Electricity in Quebec
  • By 2040, Coal Energy wil be replaced by Solar/Wind/Geothermal and Natural Gas in Alberta
  • By 2040, Coal Energy will be the second biggest source of Electricity in British Columbia

Question: Analyze the Energy Futures Data Visualizations and derive insights from the data e.g., The trend for Alberta’s Oil Production declines significantly from 2005-2040, kB/d, 2018, Scenario – Reference. True/False

  • False
  • True

Question: A useful way to understand a large data set and distil insights from data visualizations is ___________?

  • A cube approach
  • A curved approach
  • A circular approach
  • An internal approach
  • A Pyramid Approach

Module 5 – Data Visualization and Analysis with Open Data

Question: When we explore a data set to find insights, it is useful to use visualizations as human beings are good at _________?

  • looking into the future
  • typing fast
  • detecting large numbers
  • spotting visual differences
  • none of the above

Question: Looking at multiple visualizations to find data insights and spot notable differences in different data set. True/False?

  • False
  • True

Question: Drilling down into data can help us find data insights. True/False?

  • False
  • True

Final Exam

Question: What is Open Data?

  • Open Data is data that is defined as structured but not machine-readable.
  • Open Data is data that may be analyzed computationally to reveal patterns but is never shared.
  • Open Data is defined as structured data that is machine-readable, freely shared, used and built on without restrictions.
  • Open Data is data that does not have a pre-defined data model or is not organized in a pre-defined manner and it is not freely shared.
  • Open Data is data that may be analyzed computationally to reveal patterns and is built with restrictions.

Question: RStudio is available as stand-alone software or in the cloud. True or False?

  • False
  • True

Question: RStudio is an IDE – IDE stands for?

  • Interactive Decoding Environment
  • Integrated Decoding Environment
  • Interactive Development Environment
  • Intergrated Development Environment
  • None of the above

Question: In this course, we accessed RStudio using RStudio Cloud and IBM’s labs.cognitiveclass.ai. True or False?

  • False
  • True

Question: The National Energy Board of Canada (NEB) regulate: _____________ .

(1) The construction and operation of international power lines and designated inter-provincial power lines.

(2) Imports of natural gas and exports of crude oil, natural gas liquids, natural gas, refined petroleum products, and electricity.

(3) Oil and gas exploration and production activities in specified areas that are not regulated under joint federal/provincial accords.

(4) The construction, operation, and abandonment of pipelines that cross international borders or provincial boundaries, as well as the related pipeline tolls and tariffs.

***[Select all that are true]***

  • (1) only
  • (1) and (2) only
  • (1 , (2) and (3) only
  • (1), (2), (3) and (4) are true
  • None of the above are true.

Question: The Minto Pyramid Principle refers to a process for organizing your thinking so that it jumps easily off the page to lodge in a reader’s mind. It notes that people ideally work out their thinking by creating pyramids of ideas. Select the 3 steps invovled in the concept.

  • Grouping together low-level facts they see as similar
  • Numbering the main ideas
  • Listing all the thoughts
  • Drawing an insight from having seen the similarity
  • Forming a new grouping of related insights, etc.

Question: R is case sensitive. True or False?

  • False
  • True

Question: To run a command in R, place your cursor anywhere on the line you wish to run and hit the ‘tab + enter’ buttons (Windows) or ‘tab + enter’ (Mac) True or False?

  • False
  • True

Question: Which R package can we use to add compelling color schemes to our visualizations?

  • shiny
  • RColorBrewer
  • stringr
  • dyplr
  • None of these packages.

Question: We can use the “read.csv” command to load a CSV. file into the R programming environment. True or False?

  • False
  • True

Question: Which R command can we use to change the orientation of a chart?

  • coord_flip()
  • ggthemes()
  • stringr()
  • dyplr()
  • None of these packages.

Question: Which R command covered in this course can we use to learn out more about a function?

  • by running the function preceded by ‘/’, e.g., “/subset”
  • by running the function preceded by ‘#’, e.g., “#subset”
  • by running the function preceded by ‘==’, e.g., “==subset”
  • by running the function preceded by ‘?’, e.g., “?subset”
  • None of these commands will provide more information about a function.

Question: When you run Rscript for the first time, you will need to install packages – these are predefined groups of code that perform common instructions. The command to install the ‘ggplot2’ package is________________________.

  • packages.install(ggplot2)
  • packages.install.ggplot2
  • install.packages(“ggplot2”)
  • install.packages(ggplot2)
  • None of these packages.

Question: In 2005, Wind is the biggest source of energy for Quebec (QC). True or False?

  • False
  • True

Question: From analyzing the NEB Open Data, we learn that__________________.

  • Over time, Canada expects to replace Hydro with Coal sources of electricity.
  • Over time, Canada expects to replace coal with solarWindGeoThermal sources of electricity.
  • Canada’s electricity will all be imported over time.
  • Canada’s electricity generation is decreasing over time.
  • Over time, Canada expects to replace Hydro with Coal sources of electricity.
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