Design an ATM Machine LeetCode Solution

Problem – Design an ATM Machine LeetCode Solution

There is an ATM machine that stores banknotes of 5 denominations: 2050100200, and 500 dollars. Initially the ATM is empty. The user can use the machine to deposit or withdraw any amount of money.

When withdrawing, the machine prioritizes using banknotes of larger values.

  • For example, if you want to withdraw $300 and there are 2 $50 banknotes, 1 $100 banknote, and 1 $200 banknote, then the machine will use the $100 and $200 banknotes.
  • However, if you try to withdraw $600 and there are 3 $200 banknotes and 1 $500 banknote, then the withdraw request will be rejected because the machine will first try to use the $500 banknote and then be unable to use banknotes to complete the remaining $100. Note that the machine is not allowed to use the $200 banknotes instead of the $500 banknote.

Implement the ATM class:

  • ATM() Initializes the ATM object.
  • void deposit(int[] banknotesCount) Deposits new banknotes in the order $20$50$100$200, and $500.
  • int[] withdraw(int amount) Returns an array of length 5 of the number of banknotes that will be handed to the user in the order $20$50$100$200, and $500, and update the number of banknotes in the ATM after withdrawing. Returns [-1] if it is not possible (do not withdraw any banknotes in this case).

Example 1:

Input
["ATM", "deposit", "withdraw", "deposit", "withdraw", "withdraw"]
[[], [[0,0,1,2,1]], [600], [[0,1,0,1,1]], [600], [550]]
Output
[null, null, [0,0,1,0,1], null, [-1], [0,1,0,0,1]]

Explanation
ATM atm = new ATM();
atm.deposit([0,0,1,2,1]); // Deposits 1 $100 banknote, 2 $200 banknotes,
                          // and 1 $500 banknote.
atm.withdraw(600);        // Returns [0,0,1,0,1]. The machine uses 1 $100 banknote
                          // and 1 $500 banknote. The banknotes left over in the
                          // machine are [0,0,0,2,0].
atm.deposit([0,1,0,1,1]); // Deposits 1 $50, $200, and $500 banknote.
                          // The banknotes in the machine are now [0,1,0,3,1].
atm.withdraw(600);        // Returns [-1]. The machine will try to use a $500 banknote
                          // and then be unable to complete the remaining $100,
                          // so the withdraw request will be rejected.
                          // Since the request is rejected, the number of banknotes
                          // in the machine is not modified.
atm.withdraw(550);        // Returns [0,1,0,0,1]. The machine uses 1 $50 banknote
                          // and 1 $500 banknote.

Constraints:

  • banknotesCount.length == 5
  • 0 <= banknotesCount[i] <= 109
  • 1 <= amount <= 109
  • At most 5000 calls in total will be made to withdraw and deposit.
  • At least one call will be made to each function withdraw and deposit.

Design an ATM Machine LeetCode Solution in Python3

class ATM:
    bank, val = [0] * 5, [20, 50, 100, 200, 500]
    
    def deposit(self, banknotesCount: List[int]) -> None:
        self.bank = [a + b for a, b in zip(self.bank, banknotesCount)]
    
    def withdraw(self, amount: int) -> List[int]:
        take = [0] * 5
        for i in range(4, -1, -1):
            take[i] = min(self.bank[i], amount // self.val[i])
            amount -= take[i] * self.val[i]
        if amount == 0:
            self.bank = [a - b for a, b in zip(self.bank, take)]
        return [-1] if amount else take

Design an ATM Machine LeetCode Solution in C++

class ATM {
public:
    long long bank[5] = {}, val[5] = {20, 50, 100, 200, 500};
    void deposit(vector<int> banknotesCount) {
        for (int i = 0; i < 5; ++i)
            bank[i] += banknotesCount[i];
    }
    vector<int> withdraw(int amount) {
        vector<int> take(5);
        for (int i = 4; i >= 0; --i) {
            take[i] = min(bank[i], amount / val[i]);
            amount -= take[i] * val[i];
        }
        if (amount)
            return { -1 };
        for (int i = 0; i < 5; ++i)
            bank[i] -= take[i];            
        return take;
    }
};

Design an ATM Machine LeetCode Solution in Java

import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.stream.IntStream;
import java.util.stream.LongStream;

public class ATM {

    long[] denoms = {20, 50, 100, 200, 500};
    long[] stores;

    public ATM() {
        stores = new long[5];
    }

    public void deposit(int[] banknotesCount) {
        for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
            stores[i] += banknotesCount[i];
        }
    }

    public int[] withdraw(int amount) {
        long[] ans = new long[5];
        int index = 4;
        while (amount > 0 && index >= 0) {
            long takethismany = Math.min(amount / denoms[index], stores[index]);
            ans[index] = takethismany;
            amount -= takethismany * denoms[index];
            index--;
        }

        if (amount != 0) {
            return new int[]{-1};
        } else {
            for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
                stores[i] -= ans[i];
            }
            return Arrays.stream(ans).mapToInt(i -> (int) i).toArray();
        }
    }

}

Design an ATM Machine LeetCode Solution in Python

class ATM:

    def __init__(self):
        self.arr = [0, 0, 0, 0, 0]
        self.d = {0:20, 1:50, 2: 100, 3: 200, 4: 500}
        
    def deposit(self, banknotesCount: List[int]) -> None:
        for i in range(len(banknotesCount)):
            self.arr[i] += banknotesCount[i]
            
    def withdraw(self, amount: int) -> List[int]:
		length = len(self.arr)
        ans = [0 for i in range(length)]
        
        k = length - 1
        # We start with k = 4 as the machine prioritizes using banknotes of larger values.
        while k >= 0 and amount > 0:
            note = self.d[k]
            if amount >= note and self.arr[k]:
                x = amount // note
                num = min(self.arr[k], x)
                ans[k] = num
                amount -= (note * num)
            k -= 1
        
        if amount == 0:
            for i in range(length):
                self.arr[i] -= ans[i]
            return ans
        else:
            return [-1]
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