Find the Index of the First Occurrence in a String LeetCode Solution

Problem – Find the Index of the First Occurrence in a String LeetCode Solution

Given two strings needle and haystack, return the index of the first occurrence of needle in haystack, or -1 if needle is not part of haystack.

Example 1:

Input: haystack = "sadbutsad", needle = "sad"
Output: 0
Explanation: "sad" occurs at index 0 and 6.
The first occurrence is at index 0, so we return 0.

Example 2:

Input: haystack = "leetcode", needle = "leeto"
Output: -1
Explanation: "leeto" did not occur in "leetcode", so we return -1.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= haystack.length, needle.length <= 104
  • haystack and needle consist of only lowercase English characters.

Find the Index of the First Occurrence in a String LeetCode Solution in Java

public int strStr(String haystack, String needle) {
  for (int i = 0; ; i++) {
    for (int j = 0; ; j++) {
      if (j == needle.length()) return i;
      if (i + j == haystack.length()) return -1;
      if (needle.charAt(j) != haystack.charAt(i + j)) break;
    }
  }
}

Find the Index of the First Occurrence in a String LeetCode Solution in C++

class Solution {
public:
    int strStr(string haystack, string needle) {
        int m = haystack.size(), n = needle.size();
        for (int i = 0; i <= m - n; i++) {
            int j = 0;
            for (; j < n; j++) {
                if (haystack[i + j] != needle[j]) {
                    break;
                }
            }
            if (j == n) {
                return i;
            }
        }
        return -1;
    }
};

Find the Index of the First Occurrence in a String LeetCode Solution in Python

class Solution(object):
def strStr(self, haystack, needle):
    """
    :type haystack: str
    :type needle: str
    :rtype: int
    """
    for i in range(len(haystack) - len(needle)+1):
        if haystack[i:i+len(needle)] == needle:
            return i
    return -1
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