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# Lowest Common Ancestor of a Binary Search Tree LeetCode Solution

## Problem – Lowest Common Ancestor of a Binary Search Tree

Given a binary search tree (BST), find the lowest common ancestor (LCA) node of two given nodes in the BST.

According to the definition of LCA on Wikipedia: “The lowest common ancestor is defined between two nodes `p` and `q` as the lowest node in `T` that has both `p` and `q` as descendants (where we allow a node to be a descendant of itself).”

Example 1:

``````Input: root = [6,2,8,0,4,7,9,null,null,3,5], p = 2, q = 8
Output: 6
Explanation: The LCA of nodes 2 and 8 is 6.
``````

Example 2:

``````Input: root = [6,2,8,0,4,7,9,null,null,3,5], p = 2, q = 4
Output: 2
Explanation: The LCA of nodes 2 and 4 is 2, since a node can be a descendant of itself according to the LCA definition.
``````

Example 3:

``````Input: root = [2,1], p = 2, q = 1
Output: 2``````

Constraints:

• The number of nodes in the tree is in the range `[2, 105]`.
• `-109 <= Node.val <= 109`
• All `Node.val` are unique.
• `p != q`
• `p` and `q` will exist in the BST.

### Lowest Common Ancestor of a Binary Search Tree LeetCode Solution in Python

``````def lowestCommonAncestor(self, root, p, q):
while (root.val - p.val) * (root.val - q.val) > 0:
root = (root.left, root.right)[p.val > root.val]
return root
``````

### Lowest Common Ancestor of a Binary Search Tree LeetCode Solution in Java

``````public TreeNode lowestCommonAncestor(TreeNode root, TreeNode p, TreeNode q) {
while ((root.val - p.val) * (root.val - q.val) > 0)
root = p.val < root.val ? root.left : root.right;
return root;
}
``````

### Lowest Common Ancestor of a Binary Search Tree LeetCode Solution in C++

``````/**
* Definition for a binary tree node.
* struct TreeNode {
*     int val;
*     TreeNode *left;
*     TreeNode *right;
*     TreeNode(int x) : val(x), left(NULL), right(NULL) {}
* };
*/
class Solution {
public:
TreeNode* lowestCommonAncestor(TreeNode* root, TreeNode* p, TreeNode* q) {
if ((root -> val > p -> val) && (root -> val > q -> val)) {
return lowestCommonAncestor(root -> left, p, q);
}
if ((root -> val < p -> val) && (root -> val < q -> val)) {
return lowestCommonAncestor(root -> right, p, q);
}
return root;
}
};``````
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