Merge Sorted Array LeetCode Solution

Problem – Merge Sorted Array LeetCode Solution

You are given two integer arrays nums1 and nums2, sorted in non-decreasing order, and two integers m and n, representing the number of elements in nums1 and nums2 respectively.

Merge nums1 and nums2 into a single array sorted in non-decreasing order.

The final sorted array should not be returned by the function, but instead be stored inside the array nums1. To accommodate this, nums1 has a length of m + n, where the first m elements denote the elements that should be merged, and the last n elements are set to 0 and should be ignored. nums2 has a length of n.

Example 1:

Input: nums1 = [1,2,3,0,0,0], m = 3, nums2 = [2,5,6], n = 3
Output: [1,2,2,3,5,6]
Explanation: The arrays we are merging are [1,2,3] and [2,5,6].
The result of the merge is [1,2,2,3,5,6] with the underlined elements coming from nums1.

Example 2:

Input: nums1 = [1], m = 1, nums2 = [], n = 0
Output: [1]
Explanation: The arrays we are merging are [1] and [].
The result of the merge is [1].

Example 3:

Input: nums1 = [0], m = 0, nums2 = [1], n = 1
Output: [1]
Explanation: The arrays we are merging are [] and [1].
The result of the merge is [1].
Note that because m = 0, there are no elements in nums1. The 0 is only there to ensure the merge result can fit in nums1.

Constraints:

  • nums1.length == m + n
  • nums2.length == n
  • 0 <= m, n <= 200
  • 1 <= m + n <= 200
  • -109 <= nums1[i], nums2[j] <= 109

Merge Sorted Array LeetCode Solution in Python

def merge(self, nums1, m, nums2, n):
        while m > 0 and n > 0:
            if nums1[m-1] >= nums2[n-1]:
                nums1[m+n-1] = nums1[m-1]
                m -= 1
            else:
                nums1[m+n-1] = nums2[n-1]
                n -= 1
        if n > 0:
            nums1[:n] = nums2[:n]

Merge Sorted Array LeetCode Solution in Java

public void merge(int[] nums1, int m, int[] nums2, int n) {
    int tail1 = m - 1, tail2 = n - 1, finished = m + n - 1;
    while (tail1 >= 0 && tail2 >= 0) {
        nums1[finished--] = (nums1[tail1] > nums2[tail2]) ? 
                             nums1[tail1--] : nums2[tail2--];
    }

    while (tail2 >= 0) { //only need to combine with remaining nums2, if any
        nums1[finished--] = nums2[tail2--];
    }
}

Merge Sorted Array LeetCode Solution in C++

class Solution {
public:
    void merge(vector<int>& nums1, int m, vector<int>& nums2, int n) {
        int i = m - 1, j = n - 1, tar = m + n - 1;
        while (j >= 0) {
            nums1[tar--] = i >= 0 && nums1[i] > nums2[j] ? nums1[i--] : nums2[j--];
        }
    }
};
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