Minimum Lines to Represent a Line Chart LeetCode Solution

Problem – Minimum Lines to Represent a Line Chart LeetCode Solution

You are given a 2D integer array stockPrices where stockPrices[i] = [dayi, pricei] indicates the price of the stock on day dayi is pricei. A line chart is created from the array by plotting the points on an XY plane with the X-axis representing the day and the Y-axis representing the price and connecting adjacent points. One such example is shown below:

Return the minimum number of lines needed to represent the line chart.

Example 1:

Input: stockPrices = [[1,7],[2,6],[3,5],[4,4],[5,4],[6,3],[7,2],[8,1]]
Output: 3
Explanation:
The diagram above represents the input, with the X-axis representing the day and Y-axis representing the price.
The following 3 lines can be drawn to represent the line chart:
- Line 1 (in red) from (1,7) to (4,4) passing through (1,7), (2,6), (3,5), and (4,4).
- Line 2 (in blue) from (4,4) to (5,4).
- Line 3 (in green) from (5,4) to (8,1) passing through (5,4), (6,3), (7,2), and (8,1).
It can be shown that it is not possible to represent the line chart using less than 3 lines.

Example 2:

Input: stockPrices = [[3,4],[1,2],[7,8],[2,3]]
Output: 1
Explanation:
As shown in the diagram above, the line chart can be represented with a single line.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= stockPrices.length <= 105
  • stockPrices[i].length == 2
  • 1 <= dayi, pricei <= 109
  • All dayi are distinct.

Minimum Lines to Represent a Line Chart LeetCode Solution in C++

class Solution {
public:
    int minimumLines(vector<vector<int>>& stk) {
        sort(stk.begin(),stk.end());
        int n = stk.size();
        if(n==1)
            return 0;
        int cnt = 1;
        for(int i=2;i<n;i++){
            long x1 = stk[i][0],x2 = stk[i-1][0],x3 = stk[i-2][0];
            long y1 = stk[i][1],y2 = stk[i-1][1],y3 = stk[i-2][1];
            long diff1 = (y3-y2) * (x2-x1);
            long diff2 = (y2-y1) * (x3-x2);
            if(diff1 != diff2)
                cnt++;
        }
        
        return cnt;
    }
};

Minimum Lines to Represent a Line Chart LeetCode Solution in Java

    public int minimumLines(int[][] A) {
        int n = A.length, res = n - 1;
        Arrays.sort(A, (a, b) -> Integer.compare(a[0], b[0]));
        for (int i = 1; i < n - 1; ++i)
            if (1L * (A[i][0] - A[i - 1][0]) * (A[i + 1][1] - A[i][1]) == 1L * (A[i + 1][0] - A[i][0]) * (A[i][1] - A[i - 1][1]))
                res--;
        return res;
    }

Minimum Lines to Represent a Line Chart LeetCode Solution in Python

    def minimumLines(self, A: List[List[int]]) -> int:
        n = len(A)
        res = n - 1
        A.sort()
        for i in range(1, n - 1):
            a, b, c = A[i-1], A[i], A[i+1]
            if (b[0] - a[0]) * (c[1] - b[1]) == (c[0] - b[0]) * (b[1] - a[1]):
                res -= 1
        return res
Minimum Lines to Represent a Line Chart LeetCode Solution Review:

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This Problem is intended for audiences of all experiences who are interested in learning about Data Science in a business context; there are no prerequisites.

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