Monitor and troubleshoot Windows Server environments Microsoft Quiz Answers

Get Monitor and troubleshoot Windows Server environments Microsoft Quiz Answers

Learn to use monitoring and troubleshooing tools, processes, and best practices to streamline app performance and availabilty of your Windows Server environment and your Windows Server IaaS VMs and hybrid instances.

This learning path helps prepare you for Exam AZ-801: Configuring Windows Server Hybrid Advanced Services.

Prerequisites:

  • Knowledge of core Microsoft compute, storage, networking, and virtualization technologies
  • Working knowledge of common Windows Server management tools
  • Some experience of typical Windows Server workloads
  • Basic knowledge of Windows PowerShell.
  • Experience implementing and managing infrastructure as a service (IaaS) services in Azure
  • Experience working with Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS)
  • Experience working with Azure Active Directory (Azure AD)

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Module 2: Monitor the health of your Azure virtual machine by using Azure Metrics Explorer and metric alerts

Evaluate monitoring options for an Azure virtual machine (VM). Enable diagnostics to get data about your VM. View VM metrics in Azure Metrics Explorer. Create a metric alert to monitor performance.

Learning objectives:

In this module, you will:

  • Identify metrics and diagnostic data that you can collect for virtual machines
  • Configure monitoring for a virtual machine
  • Use monitoring data to diagnose problems

Prerequisites:

  • Familiarity with virtualization and Azure virtual machines

This module is part of these learning paths:

Quiz 1: View VM metrics

Q1. You want to track the average CPU usage of your Azure virtual machine over the last seven days. What is the most straightforward way to do this?

  • View the metrics for the virtual machine on the Overview page and set the range to the last seven days.
  • View the metrics for the virtual machine each day and store the values for each of the last seven days in a spreadsheet.
  • View the metric in the Monitor section by creating a graph and set the range to the last seven days.

Q2. What do you have to install or create to store simple boot diagnostics in Azure?

  • Install the Azure Diagnostics extension.
  • You don’t have to install or create anything additional to store diagnostic logs in Azure.
  • An Azure storage account.

Module 3: Monitor performance of virtual machines by using Azure Monitor VM Insights

Deploy monitoring for workloads on virtual machines. Set up a log analytics workspace, onboard virtual machines to Azure Monitor VM Insights, and build log queries by using Kusto Query Language.

Learning objectives:

  • Evaluate Azure Monitor Logs and Azure Monitor VM Insights.
  • Configure a Log Analytics workspace.
  • Build queries from the Heartbeat and InsightsMetrics tables.

Prerequisites:

  • Experience using the Azure portal for accessing and creating resources
  • Knowledge of Azure virtual machine creation, administration, and maintenance
  • Basic familiarity with querying datasets to filter and extract information

This module is part of these learning paths:

Quiz 1: What are Azure Monitor Logs and Azure Monitor VM Insights?

Q1. You start out by talking to individual business units about monitoring wants and needs at the start of your assignment. You determine each business unit only needs to query logs generated from their resources. Which access model would you select for your Log Analytics deployment?

  • Workspace-context
  • Resource-context
  • Table-level RBAC

Q2. What does Azure Monitor VM Insights provide?

  • Provides insight into operations performed on Azure resources.
  • Provides access to create, read, update, and delete (CRUD) events.
  • Provides access to log data without exposing the user to underlying queries.

Quiz 2: Build log queries by using the Kusto Query Language

Q1. How does Azure Monitor organize log data for queries?

  • Azure Monitor organizes log data into tables.
  • Azure Monitor organizes log data into tabular operators.
  • Azure Monitor organizes log data into the Kusto Query Language.

Q2. What is the schema?

  • Azure Data Explorer
  • A series of tables logically grouped together, which allow for an easy understanding behind how Log Analytics stores logs
  • Metrics

Module 4: Monitor Windows Server performance

Learn to use a range of Windows Server tools to monitor the operating system and applications on a server computer. You’ll also learn to configure your system to optimize efficiency and to troubleshoot problems.

Learning objectives:

After completing this module, you will be able to:

  • Use built-in tools in Windows Server to monitor server performance
  • Understand the fundamentals of server performance tuning

Prerequisites:

  • Working knowledge of common Windows Server management tools
  • Some experience managing typical Windows Server workloads
  • Familiarity with basic PowerShell commands and syntax

This module is part of these learning paths:

Quiz 1: Knowledge check

Q1. When considering processor performance, in addition to the Processor%Processor Time counter, which additional counter should an administrator add to a Data Collector Set?

  • The administrator should add the System\Processes counter.
  • The administrator should add the Processor%Idle Time counter.
  • The administrator should add the System\Processor Queue Length counter.

Q2. An administrator wants to use Windows Admin Center System Insights to plan for future capacity needs. Which PowerShell cmdlet should they use to begin forecasting using System Insights?

  • The administrator should use the Enable-InsightsCapability cmdlet.
  • The administrator should use the Add-WindowsFeature System-Insights cmdlet.
  • The administrator should use the Invoke-InsightsCapability cmdlet.

Q3. An administrator has begun analyzing performance-related data using Windows Admin Center. They’ve been using System Insights. On reviewing the event logs in Event Viewer, the administrator discovers events with the ID of 148. What should they do?

  • They should investigate the referenced object, but no action is immediately required.
  • They should ignore the event. It’s an error.
  • They should immediately investigate the referenced object.

Module 5: Manage and monitor Windows Server event logs

Learn how Event Viewer provides a convenient and accessible location for you to observe events that occur. Access event information quickly and conveniently. Learn how to interpret the data in the event log.

Learning objectives:

After completing this module, you will be able to:

  • Describe event logs
  • Use Server Manager and Windows Admin Center to – Review event logs
  • Implement custom views
  • Configure an event subscription

Prerequisites:

  • Working knowledge of common Windows Server management tools
  • Some experience managing typical Windows Server workloads
  • Familiarity with basic PowerShell commands and syntax

This module is part of these learning paths:

Quiz 1: Knowledge check

Q1. An administrator has created an event log subscription. The subscription is collector initiated. The computers from which event logs will be collected are all running Windows Server 2022. What command does the administrator need to run on these source computers?

  • The administrator needs to run Wecutil qc on all source computers.
  • The administrator needs to run Winrm quickconfig on all source computers.
  • No commands need to be run.

Q2. An administrator is responding to a report of problems with a departmental server. They review the event logs on the server using Event Viewer. Which of the following types of Application and service logs typically provide guidance on a well-defined solution for an indicated problem?

  • Admin logs.
  • Analytic and Debug logs.
  • Operational logs.

Q3. Which of the following statements about Windows Server event logs is true?

  • All Windows logs are 20,480 KB in size.
  • All Windows logs are overwritten as necessary.
  • The Applications and Services Logs node stores events that have system-wide effects.

Module 6: Implement Windows Server auditing and diagnostics

Learn to audit and diagnose your Windows Server environment for regulatory compliance, user activity, and troubleshooting. Implement security best practices through regular audits of your network environment to gain early warning of potential malicious activity.

Learning objectives:

After completing this module, you will be able to:

  • Audit Windows Server events
  • Configure Windows Server to record diagnostic information

Prerequisites:

  • Working knowledge of common Windows Server management tools
  • Some experience of typical Windows Server workloads
  • Basic knowledge of Windows PowerShell

This module is part of these learning paths:

Quiz 1: Knowledge check

Q1. An administrator wants to track user sign-ins. Which of the following advanced audit categories should they select?

  • Account Logon.
  • Account Management.
  • Audit logon events.

Q2. An administrator wants to establish auditing on specific files. They’ve configured the folder that contains the files using the Auditing tab on the Advanced Security Settings page. However, when they review the Security log, there are no entries relating to file access in the configured folder. What does the administrator need to do?

  • The administrator needs to turn on Audit object access in the audit policy. They must indicate Success or Failure or both.
  • The administrator must define an expression-based audit policy for file and folder objects.
  • The administrator must use advanced auditing categories and enable Detailed Tracking.

Q3. An administrator is configuring Setup and Boot Event Collection. On which computer must they install the SetupAndBootEventCollection feature?

  • On the designated collector computer.
  • On the target computer.
  • On all computers.

Module 7: Troubleshoot on-premises and hybrid networking

Learn to troubleshoot on-premises connectivity and hybrid network connectivity. Diagnose common issues with DHCP, name resolution, IP configuration, and routing that can cause reliability and connectivity problems in an on-premises and a hybrid environment.

Learning objectives:

After completing this module, you will be able to:

  • Diagnose DHCP and DNS problems in on-premises contexts
  • Diagnose IP configuration and routing problems
  • Implement Packet Monitor to help diagnose network problems
  • Use Azure Network Watcher to troubleshoot Microsoft Azure virtual networks

Prerequisites:

  • Working knowledge of common Windows Server management tools
  • Some experience of typical Windows Server workloads
  • Basic knowledge of Windows PowerShell

This module is part of these learning paths:

Quiz 1: Knowledge check

Q1. An administrator is investigating a problem with IP configurations. On Friday, all was working, and now, Monday morning, all the devices in only one subnet on the fourth floor of the HQ building cannot connect to any corporate or internet resources. The administrator determines that the client computers have an IP address with the prefix 169.254.0.0/16. Which of the following is the likely cause of the problem?

  • The router connecting the subnet to the rest of the network has failed.
  • The administrator has failed to install a DHCP relay agent for this subnet.
  • The DHCP server for the building is offline.

Q2. An administrator is working through a problem relating to name resolution. They want to use debug logging to try to locate the cause of the problem. Which of the following provides the correct next step?

  • The administrator doesn’t need to do anything. Debug logging is enabled by default. They merely need to review the logs.
  • The administrator must enable debug logging on the DNS server by selecting the Debug Logging tab and enabling and configuring the required options.
  • The administrator must enable debug logging on the DNS zones that they want to verify. The administrator must select the Debug Logging tab for the zone and enabling and configuring the required options.

Q3. A helpdesk consultant has responded a user support call. The user reports that they cannot connect to a web server on the corporate network. The consultant determines that many users are experiencing the problem. They verify that the server hosting the website is online, but when they attempt to connect to the website, they receive an error: “Hmmm can’t reach this page”. What should they try next?

  • The helpdesk consultant should use telnet to verify the server is listening on TCP port 443.
  • The helpdesk consultant should verify the IP configuration of the user’s computer.
  • The helpdesk consultant should ping the server by its IP address.

Module 8: Troubleshoot Windows Server Virtual Machines in Azure

Learn to troubleshoot configuration issues that impact connectivity to your Azure-hosted Windows Server virtual machines (VMs). Explore approaches to resolve issues with VM startup, extensions, performance, storage, and encryption.

Learning objectives:

After completing this module, you will be able to:

  • Troubleshoot VM deployment and extension issues
  • Troubleshoot VM startup and performance issues
  • Troubleshoot VM storage and encryption issues
  • Troubleshoot connectivity to VMs

Prerequisites:

  • Working knowledge of common Windows Server management tools
  • Some experience of typical Windows Server workloads
  • Basic knowledge of Windows PowerShell

This module is part of these learning paths:

Quiz 1: Knowledge check

Q1. An administrator is provisioning Windows Server VMs in Azure. They upload a specialized VM image as a generalized image. What is likely to happen when they perform this task?

  • The administrator will receive a provisioning failure error with the VM stuck at the OOBE screen because the new VM is running with the original computer name, username and password.
  • The administrator receives no error and is able to complete the task.
  • The administrator receives a provisioning timeout error because the original VM is not usable as it is marked as generalized.

Q2. An administrator attempts to connect remotely to a VM for performing a management task. They are unable to establish an RDP connection. What should the administrator do next?

  • Restart their administrative computer.
  • Deploy and configure Azure Bastion.
  • Verify and test the RDP connection details being used to connect to the target VM.

Q3. An administrator has received an error when they started a Windows Server VM. They’ve no idea why the VM won’t start. What should they do first to determine the cause of the startup failure?

  • Review boot diagnostics.
  • Connect to the VM with RDP.
  • Connect to the VM with the Azure Serial Console.

Module 9: Troubleshoot Active Directory

Learn how to troubleshoot AD DS service failures or degraded performance. Learn how to recover deleted security objects and the AD DS database, and how to troubleshoot hybrid authentication issues.

Learning objectives:

After completing this module, you will be able to:

  • Recover the AD DS database, objects in AD DS, and SYSVOL
  • Troubleshoot AD DS replication
  • Troubleshoot Hybrid authentication issues

Prerequisites:

  • Working knowledge of common Windows Server management tools
  • Some experience of typical Windows Server workloads
  • Basic knowledge of Windows PowerShell

This module is part of these learning paths:

Quiz 1: Knowledge check

Q1. An administrator is attempting to recover the sysvol folder. There are three domain controllers within the organization. The administrator recovers a domain controller to an earlier point in time. Which of the following statements is true regarding the next step of the sysvol folder recovery to that same earlier time?

  • It’s simpler to perform a system state restore using the wbadmin -authsysvol command than to use the msDFSR-Options attribute method.
  • It’s simpler to perform recovery using the msDFSR-Options attribute method rather than performing a system state restore using the wbadmin -authsysvol command.
  • The administrator has no choice. They can only recover the sysvol folder to an earlier time using the msDFSR-Options attribute method.

Q2. A departmental administrator is making changes to Group Policy. They’re having problems. The issue is escalated by the helpdesk to Tier 3 support. An engineer wonders whether the operations master is offline. Which of the following domain level operations masters is the likely culprit?

  • RID master.
  • PDC emulator master.
  • Infrastructure master.

Q3. An administrator has established synchronization between their AD DS and Azure AD environments. Users whose accounts are synced appear able to sign in, but none seem to be able to access cloud resources. What’s the likely problem?

  • The users don’t have licenses assigned for cloud apps. The administrator must select the option to sync licenses across.
  • The users don’t have licenses assigned for cloud apps. These users cannot be synced.
  • The users don’t have licenses assigned for cloud apps. Azure AD Connect doesn’t sync licenses, and the administrator must manage these licenses manually.
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