Multiply Strings LeetCode Solution

Problem – Multiply Strings LeetCode Solution

Given two non-negative integers num1 and num2 represented as strings, return the product of num1 and num2, also represented as a string.

Note: You must not use any built-in BigInteger library or convert the inputs to integer directly.

Example 1:

Input: num1 = "2", num2 = "3"
Output: "6"

Example 2:

Input: num1 = "123", num2 = "456"
Output: "56088"

Constraints:

  • 1 <= num1.length, num2.length <= 200
  • num1 and num2 consist of digits only.
  • Both num1 and num2 do not contain any leading zero, except the number 0 itself.

Multiply Strings LeetCode Solution in Java

public String multiply(String num1, String num2) {
    int m = num1.length(), n = num2.length();
    int[] pos = new int[m + n];
   
    for(int i = m - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
        for(int j = n - 1; j >= 0; j--) {
            int mul = (num1.charAt(i) - '0') * (num2.charAt(j) - '0'); 
            int p1 = i + j, p2 = i + j + 1;
            int sum = mul + pos[p2];

            pos[p1] += sum / 10;
            pos[p2] = (sum) % 10;
        }
    }  
    
    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
    for(int p : pos) if(!(sb.length() == 0 && p == 0)) sb.append(p);
    return sb.length() == 0 ? "0" : sb.toString();
}

Multiply Strings LeetCode Solution in C++

string multiply(string num1, string num2) {
    string sum(num1.size() + num2.size(), '0');
    
    for (int i = num1.size() - 1; 0 <= i; --i) {
        int carry = 0;
        for (int j = num2.size() - 1; 0 <= j; --j) {
            int tmp = (sum[i + j + 1] - '0') + (num1[i] - '0') * (num2[j] - '0') + carry;
            sum[i + j + 1] = tmp % 10 + '0';
            carry = tmp / 10;
        }
        sum[i] += carry;
    }
    
    size_t startpos = sum.find_first_not_of("0");
    if (string::npos != startpos) {
        return sum.substr(startpos);
    }
    return "0";
}

Multiply Strings LeetCode Solution in Python

def multiply(num1, num2):
    product = [0] * (len(num1) + len(num2))
    pos = len(product)-1
    
    for n1 in reversed(num1):
        tempPos = pos
        for n2 in reversed(num2):
            product[tempPos] += int(n1) * int(n2)
            product[tempPos-1] += product[tempPos]/10
            product[tempPos] %= 10
            tempPos -= 1
        pos -= 1
        
    pt = 0
    while pt < len(product)-1 and product[pt] == 0:
        pt += 1

    return ''.join(map(str, product[pt:]))
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