Serialize and Deserialize Binary Tree LeetCode Solution

Problem – Serialize and Deserialize Binary Tree LeetCode Solution

Serialization is the process of converting a data structure or object into a sequence of bits so that it can be stored in a file or memory buffer, or transmitted across a network connection link to be reconstructed later in the same or another computer environment.

Design an algorithm to serialize and deserialize a binary tree. There is no restriction on how your serialization/deserialization algorithm should work. You just need to ensure that a binary tree can be serialized to a string and this string can be deserialized to the original tree structure.

Clarification: The input/output format is the same as how LeetCode serializes a binary tree. You do not necessarily need to follow this format, so please be creative and come up with different approaches yourself.

Example 1:

Input: root = [1,2,3,null,null,4,5]
Output: [1,2,3,null,null,4,5]

Example 2:

Input: root = []
Output: []

Constraints:

  • The number of nodes in the tree is in the range [0, 104].
  • -1000 <= Node.val <= 1000

Serialize and Deserialize Binary Tree LeetCode Solution in Java

public class Codec {
    private static final String spliter = ",";
    private static final String NN = "X";

    // Encodes a tree to a single string.
    public String serialize(TreeNode root) {
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        buildString(root, sb);
        return sb.toString();
    }

    private void buildString(TreeNode node, StringBuilder sb) {
        if (node == null) {
            sb.append(NN).append(spliter);
        } else {
            sb.append(node.val).append(spliter);
            buildString(node.left, sb);
            buildString(node.right,sb);
        }
    }
    // Decodes your encoded data to tree.
    public TreeNode deserialize(String data) {
        Deque<String> nodes = new LinkedList<>();
        nodes.addAll(Arrays.asList(data.split(spliter)));
        return buildTree(nodes);
    }
    
    private TreeNode buildTree(Deque<String> nodes) {
        String val = nodes.remove();
        if (val.equals(NN)) return null;
        else {
            TreeNode node = new TreeNode(Integer.valueOf(val));
            node.left = buildTree(nodes);
            node.right = buildTree(nodes);
            return node;
        }
    }
}

Serialize and Deserialize Binary Tree LeetCode Solution in Python

class Codec:

    def serialize(self, root):
        def doit(node):
            if node:
                vals.append(str(node.val))
                doit(node.left)
                doit(node.right)
            else:
                vals.append('#')
        vals = []
        doit(root)
        return ' '.join(vals)

    def deserialize(self, data):
        def doit():
            val = next(vals)
            if val == '#':
                return None
            node = TreeNode(int(val))
            node.left = doit()
            node.right = doit()
            return node
        vals = iter(data.split())
        return doit()

Serialize and Deserialize Binary Tree LeetCode Solution in C++

class Codec {
public:

    string serialize(TreeNode* root) {
        ostringstream out;
        serialize(root, out);
        return out.str();
    }

    TreeNode* deserialize(string data) {
        istringstream in(data);
        return deserialize(in);
    }

private:

    void serialize(TreeNode* root, ostringstream& out) {
        if (root) {
            out << root->val << ' ';
            serialize(root->left, out);
            serialize(root->right, out);
        } else {
            out << "# ";
        }
    }

    TreeNode* deserialize(istringstream& in) {
        string val;
        in >> val;
        if (val == "#")
            return nullptr;
        TreeNode* root = new TreeNode(stoi(val));
        root->left = deserialize(in);
        root->right = deserialize(in);
        return root;
    }
};
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