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# Statistics 101 Quiz Answers – Cognitive Class

## Get Statistics 101 Quiz Answers

Split into five modules, this is a beginner’s course covering the fundamentals of statistics. Start with mean, mode, and median. Then learn about standard deviation using examples from basketball. Learn about probability with dice. Learn what it means to group data by categorical variables, and how you can transform your data into appropriate graphs and charts.

In the final module, using an open dataset, learn whether good looking professors indeed get better teaching evalutions.

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Module 1 – Welcome to Statistics

Question: Which one of the following is not an example of statistics?

• The sweet smell of success
• Monthly housing prices in a city
• Traffic noise at a busy intersection
• Annual unemployment rate in a country

Question: Which of the following statements is true? One can estimate the votes for a presidential candidate in a forthcoming election by:

• Conducting a poll of a random sample of the voting age population
• Asking the cab drivers in a city of their vote preference

Question: Which of the following is not a type of data visualization? (Pick the most appropriate answer)

• An organization chart
• A pie chart
• A time series plot
• A bar chart

Module 2 – Descriptive Statistics

Question: Which of the following is not a cross-sectional data set?

• Monthly survey of consumer confidence
• National Census conducted every 5 or 10 years
• Weekly data on average temperature
• A survey of student satisfaction conducted at the end of the course

Question: Which of the following is an example of time series data?

• Number of dolphins in the Pacific Ocean
• Average batting average of a baseball player
• Number of trees in Jardin du Luxemburg in Paris
• Annual average housing price in New York

Question: Which of the following is an example of multivariate data?

• Vital signs recorded for a new born baby
• Number of songs played in a day by your favourite radio station
• Daily temperature recorded by a monitoring station in Antarctica
• Number of words spoken by President Donald Trump in his inaugural speech

Module 3 – Advanced Descriptive Statistics

Question: What is a suitable way to display the average income earned by men and women in a city?

• A scatter plot
• A pie chart
• A histogram
• A bar chart

Question: What is a suitable way to display relationship between two continuous variables?

• A scatter plot
• A pie chart
• A histogram
• A bar chart

Question: What’s the best way to display median and outliers?

• A bubble chart
• A time series plot
• A box plot
• A scatter plot

Module 4 – Visualization

Question: What is the best way to display daily temperature for a city?

• A histogram
• A pie chart
• A Box plot
• A line plot

Question: What extra step is needed to display two related time series variables that differ greatly in magnitude?

• Use two axes to display the lines
• Plot them by colouring the lines with different colours
• Plot the lines with different thickness
• Plot them separately in two charts

Question: When the sum of two or more categories equals 100, what chart type is ideally suited for displaying data?

• A line chart
• A pie chart
• A box plot
• A histogram

Module 5 – “From Start to Finish: Beauty Pays Data”

Question: When using sample data with weights, it is important to compute statistics by:

• Filtering the data with the weight variable
• Weighting the data with the appropriate variable
• Ignoring the weights
• None of the above

Question: When multiple observations are reported for each respondent in the data set, to compute statistics for variables about the respondents, one must:

• Ignore the presence of duplicates and compute statistics as usual
• Weight data by duplicates
• Remove duplicates before running analysis
• None of the above

Question: To be able to trace one’s steps, one must:

• Generate and record syntax for every command executed for the analysis
• Note steps taken for the analyses in a notebook
• Use mouse for point and click to undertake the analysis
• None of the above

Final Exam

Question: What is meta data?

• The metabolism data in a clinical trial
• It’s the data about data

Question: Which of the following is not an example of big data?

• Number of photographs uploaded to the internet every day
• The emails sent daily from your email provider
• The number of big basketball players in NBA (National Basketball Association)
• Weekly data about individual credit card transactions registered for your local credit card company

Question: SPSS is ideally suited to analyze data stored in:

• Books as words and paragraphs
• Digital video files of Hollywood movies
• Tables as rows and columns
• Digital audio files of music records

Question: Reproducibility in statistical analysis requires one to use statistical software that supports:

• Free usage for analysis
• Syntax (script) based analysis
• Tabular output of results
• A point and click environment

Question: Which of the following is an example of categorical data?

• Number of fire hydrants in a city
• Number of children at a kindergarten
• Length of the river Nile
• Mode of travel to work

Question: Which of the following is not an example of ordinal data?

• Ranking of athletes in an Olympic competition
• Number of trees in a park
• Level of happiness on a scale of 1 to 5
• Street numbers

Question: Which of the following is an example of interval data?

• The ethnicity of a person
• “None”, “Some”, “Frequent” – representing the frequency of exercise
• First, second and third rankings in a sports competition
• Weight

Question: For a survey of student satisfaction in a course, the population comprises:

• All students enrolled in the course
• All male students registered in the department
• All A+ students enrolled in the course
• All students registered at the university

Question: A mean is meaningful for the following type of data

• Audio data
• Ordinal data
• Ratio data
• Categorical data

Question: Median represents a value in the data set where:

• Half of the observations are above the median and the other half below it
• Most observations are negative
• Half of the observations are known and the other half not known
• Most observations are positive

Question: If the standard deviation of a variable is larger than the mean, the variable depicts:

• Fluidity
• Low variance
• Smoothness
• High variance

Question: A histogram is a graphical display of how a variable is

• Observed
• Displayed
• Distributed
• Recorded

Question: The following type of computation is suited for categorical data:

• Proportions
• Standard deviations
• Histogram
• Averages

Question: The relationship between two categorical variables can be captured by:

• Standard deviation
• A crosstabulation
• A bar chart
• A histogram

Question: The probability of getting a 2 by rolling TWO six-sided dice (with sides labeled as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) is

• 1/36
• 1/18
• 2
• 2/36

Question: What is the best way to determine the significance of relationship between two categorical variables?

• A regression model
• A Pearson Correlation test
• A Chi-square test
• A t-test

Question: If two continuous variables are positively correlated, their scatter plot will depict:

• A flat line
• A downward sloping curve
• An upward sloping curve
• None of the above

Question: What is the best way to determine the significance of relationship between two continuous variables?

• A regression model
• A Pearson Correlation test
• A Chi-square test
• A t-test

Question: A good chart should not be missing the following:

• A self-explanatory variable title
• Thick borders
• A dark background colour
• Bright colours

Question: What is the best practice to display axes labels?

• Use self-explanatory variables
• Use variable names
• Use bold font to highlight labels
• Don’t use any labels

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