**Physical Address**

304 North Cardinal St.

Dorchester Center, MA 02124

As the ruler of a kingdom, you have an army of wizards at your command.

You are given a **0-indexed** integer array `strength`

, where `strength[i]`

denotes the strength of the `i`

wizard. For a ^{th}**contiguous** group of wizards (i.e. the wizards’ strengths form a **subarray** of `strength`

), the **total strength** is defined as the **product** of the following two values:

- The strength of the
**weakest**wizard in the group. - The
**total**of all the individual strengths of the wizards in the group.

Return *the sum of the total strengths of all contiguous groups of wizards*. Since the answer may be very large, return it

`10`^{9} + 7

.A **subarray** is a contiguous **non-empty** sequence of elements within an array.

**Example 1:**

```
Input: strength = [1,3,1,2]
Output: 44
Explanation: The following are all the contiguous groups of wizards:
- [1] from [1,3,1,2] has a total strength of min([1]) * sum([1]) = 1 * 1 = 1
- [3] from [1,3,1,2] has a total strength of min([3]) * sum([3]) = 3 * 3 = 9
- [1] from [1,3,1,2] has a total strength of min([1]) * sum([1]) = 1 * 1 = 1
- [2] from [1,3,1,2] has a total strength of min([2]) * sum([2]) = 2 * 2 = 4
- [1,3] from [1,3,1,2] has a total strength of min([1,3]) * sum([1,3]) = 1 * 4 = 4
- [3,1] from [1,3,1,2] has a total strength of min([3,1]) * sum([3,1]) = 1 * 4 = 4
- [1,2] from [1,3,1,2] has a total strength of min([1,2]) * sum([1,2]) = 1 * 3 = 3
- [1,3,1] from [1,3,1,2] has a total strength of min([1,3,1]) * sum([1,3,1]) = 1 * 5 = 5
- [3,1,2] from [1,3,1,2] has a total strength of min([3,1,2]) * sum([3,1,2]) = 1 * 6 = 6
- [1,3,1,2] from [1,3,1,2] has a total strength of min([1,3,1,2]) * sum([1,3,1,2]) = 1 * 7 = 7
The sum of all the total strengths is 1 + 9 + 1 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 3 + 5 + 6 + 7 = 44.
```

**Example 2:**

```
Input: strength = [5,4,6]
Output: 213
Explanation: The following are all the contiguous groups of wizards:
- [5] from [5,4,6] has a total strength of min([5]) * sum([5]) = 5 * 5 = 25
- [4] from [5,4,6] has a total strength of min([4]) * sum([4]) = 4 * 4 = 16
- [6] from [5,4,6] has a total strength of min([6]) * sum([6]) = 6 * 6 = 36
- [5,4] from [5,4,6] has a total strength of min([5,4]) * sum([5,4]) = 4 * 9 = 36
- [4,6] from [5,4,6] has a total strength of min([4,6]) * sum([4,6]) = 4 * 10 = 40
- [5,4,6] from [5,4,6] has a total strength of min([5,4,6]) * sum([5,4,6]) = 4 * 15 = 60
The sum of all the total strengths is 25 + 16 + 36 + 36 + 40 + 60 = 213.
```

**Constraints:**

`1 <= strength.length <= 10`

^{5}`1 <= strength[i] <= 10`

^{9}

```
def totalStrength(self, A):
mod = 10 ** 9 + 7
n = len(A)
# next small on the right
right = [n] * n
stack = []
for i in range(n):
while stack and A[stack[-1]] > A[i]:
right[stack.pop()] = i
stack.append(i)
# next small on the left
left = [-1] * n
stack = []
for i in range(n-1, -1, -1):
while stack and A[stack[-1]] >= A[i]:
left[stack.pop()] = i
stack.append(i)
# for each A[i] as minimum, calculate sum
res = 0
acc = list(accumulate(accumulate(A), initial = 0))
for i in range(n):
l, r = left[i], right[i]
lacc = acc[i] - acc[max(l, 0)]
racc = acc[r] - acc[i]
ln, rn = i - l, r - i
res += A[i] * (racc * ln - lacc * rn)
return res
```

```
public int totalStrength(int[] A) {
int res = 0, ac = 0, mod = (int)1e9 + 7, n = A.length;
Stack<Integer> stack = new Stack<>();
int[] acc = new int[n + 2];
for (int r = 0; r <= n; ++r) {
int a = r < n ? A[r] : 0;
ac = (ac + a) % mod;
acc[r + 1] = (ac + acc[r]) % mod;
while (!stack.isEmpty() && A[stack.peek()] > a) {
int i = stack.pop();
int l = stack.isEmpty() ? -1 : stack.peek();
long lacc = l < 0 ? acc[i] : acc[i] - acc[l], racc = acc[r] - acc[i];
int ln = i - l, rn = r - i;
res = (int)(res + (racc * ln - lacc * rn) % mod * A[i] % mod) % mod;
}
stack.push(r);
}
return (res + mod) % mod;
}
```

```
int totalStrength(vector<int>& A) {
int res = 0, ac = 0, mod = 1e9 + 7, n = A.size();
vector<int> stack = {}, acc(n + 2);
for (int r = 0; r <= n; ++r) {
int a = r < n ? A[r] : 0;
ac = (ac + a) % mod;
acc[r + 1] = (ac + acc[r]) % mod;
while (!stack.empty() && A[stack.back()] > a) {
int i = stack.back(); stack.pop_back();
int l = stack.empty() ? -1 : stack.back();
long lacc = l < 0 ? acc[i] : acc[i] - acc[l], racc = acc[r] - acc[i];
int ln = i - l, rn = r - i;
res = (res + (racc * ln - lacc * rn) % mod * A[i] % mod) % mod;
}
stack.push_back(r);
}
return (res + mod) % mod;
}
```

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