Word Pattern LeetCode Solution

Problem – Word Pattern LeetCode Solution

Given a pattern and a string s, find if s follows the same pattern.

Here follow means a full match, such that there is a bijection between a letter in pattern and a non-empty word in s.

Example 1:

Input: pattern = "abba", s = "dog cat cat dog"
Output: true

Example 2:

Input: pattern = "abba", s = "dog cat cat fish"
Output: false

Example 3:

Input: pattern = "aaaa", s = "dog cat cat dog"
Output: false

Constraints:

  • 1 <= pattern.length <= 300
  • pattern contains only lower-case English letters.
  • 1 <= s.length <= 3000
  • s contains only lowercase English letters and spaces ' '.
  • s does not contain any leading or trailing spaces.
  • All the words in s are separated by a single space.

Word Pattern LeetCode Solution in Java

public boolean wordPattern(String pattern, String str) {
    String[] words = str.split(" ");
    if (words.length != pattern.length())
        return false;
    Map index = new HashMap();
    for (Integer i=0; i<words.length; ++i)
        if (index.put(pattern.charAt(i), i) != index.put(words[i], i))
            return false;
    return true;
}

Word Pattern LeetCode Solution in C++

bool wordPattern(string pattern, string str) {
    map<char, int> p2i;
    map<string, int> w2i;
    istringstream in(str);
    int i = 0, n = pattern.size();
    for (string word; in >> word; ++i) {
        if (i == n || p2i[pattern[i]] != w2i[word])
            return false;
        p2i[pattern[i]] = w2i[word] = i + 1;
    }
    return i == n;
}

Word Pattern LeetCode Solution in Python

def wordPattern(self, pattern, str):
    f = lambda s: map({}.setdefault, s, range(len(s)))
    return f(pattern) == f(str.split())
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